Drinking and Cancer
Alcohol consumption is one of a number of factors that contribute to the risk for developing certain types of cancer, including cancers of the upper digestive tract, as well as liver, breast, colorectal, and kidney cancer.
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Drinking and NCDs
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are a leading cause of death worldwide, with 3% of deaths attributable to harmful drinking.
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Drinking and Marijuana
Marijuana is the third most prevalent psychoactive substance consumed around the world, after alcohol and tobacco, and has implications for substance abuse and health outcomes, including harmful drinking.
National Drinking Guidelines
Health promotion efforts by governments aim to encourage lifestyles and choices that support the health and wellbeing of citizens.
Unrecorded alcohol includes a variety of legal and illegal products and is particularly prevalent in low- and middle-income countries.
Health Warning Labels
Health warning labels (HWLs) are used to offer directional information about drinking and to remind consumers about potential risks of harmful drinking patterns. In some countries, the inclusion of HWLs is mandated by governments. In others, where such requirements are lacking, they may be applied voluntarily by producers.
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
The serious physiological, cognitive, and behavioral problems that characterize FASD are irreversible and last a lifetime. At the same time, FASD are entirely preventable.
Drinking and Liver Disease
Heavy drinking is often associated with alcohol-related liver disease, which includes alcoholic fatty liver disease, alcoholic hepatitis, and alcoholic cirrhosis.
Drinking and Metabolic Disorders
The relationship between alcohol intake and risk for metabolic disorders, notably Type 2 diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome (MetS), is characterized by a U-shaped or a J-shaped curve, similar to what is observed for cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality.
Social marketing techniques have been applied to a range of environmental, social, and health issues, including drinking behavior.